Click to enlarge

 

…our paleolithic ancestors didn’t do a hell of a lot work, this notion of working from dawn till dusk in the fields that is brand new with agriculture just 10.000 years ago, we spent a lot of time in our paleolithic times not doing that much…

Dr David Perlmutter [7.20] April 2016 interview


Dr Perlmutter’s comment during my interview FatPersonRunning.001with him, regarding our hunter gatherer ancestors being inherently ‘lazy’ makes a lot of sense, because; why would you expend any more energy than you absolutely had to, if food was scarce most of the time?

He is also hinting at a probability of the human body being quite well adapted over millions of years to function just fine and stay lean on minimal amounts of physical activity.


In other words, staying lean and losing body fat looks as though it might be controlled by factors other than just being physically active.


Interviewing Dr David Perlmutter in April 2016, two and a half years after our first meeting, was very educational and on a more personal level, tremendously insightful to hear his take on the change my own physique seems to be going through since I stopped long distance running.

In this post I will attempt to answer the following question…

Why would my body retain body fat on a high volume distance running schedule while shedding body fat on a more sporatic low volume resistance training program?

?    skeptical   ?

The majority of my self experimentation has been focused on isolating the exact role of food (diet) and activity (exercise) in regards to the change in my body composition since late 2013.

By attempting to accurately quantify my techniques, methods and results, it is my hope that you the reader, will be able to implement the same principles to maintain or better your own body composition, I hope you enjoy and find some value in my blog post….

From FAT distance runner to LEAN minimalist exerciser


                               Principles : fundamental truths that serves as the                                                    foundation for a chain of reasoning



A little background…


farfar

My grandfather with the Olympic torch in 1952

Ketones

Shortly before interviewing Dr David Perlmutter in 2013 at his home in Florida,  I spent time at the University Of Florida (UF) in Gainsville for some extensive performance testing.

At the time, I was on a quest to equal and hopefully break my grandfather’s personal best time for the marathon distance of 42.2 kilometers, which in 1952 had qualified him to compete in the Olympics.

Finland

GrainBrainCover2

 

Dr David Perlmutter

Six months prior to being tested at the University of Florida in 2013, I had started to implement a diet regime containing less carbohydrate and more fat, known as Low Carb High Fat (LCHF) and/or the Ketogenic Diet [1] [2].

One of the first books I ever read on the subject of reducing sugar and carbohydrates in my diet was Dr Perlmutter’s book Grain Brain.

 

Image borrowed from dietdoctor.com

A low-carb diet restricts sugary foods, and starches like pasta or bread. Instead you’ll eat delicious real foods, including protein, natural fats and vegetables.

Extract from A Low-Carb Diet for Beginners



In SPITE of running a bucket load of kilometers…


Today, I am thoroughly convinced that my above average test results at UF in 2013 was more a direct result of my genetic make up combined with the correct nutrition for my physiology and possibly in SPITE of (not BECAUSE of) running a bucket load of kilometers every week? 

Three years after abandoning the quest to equal my grandfather’s best marathon time and more or less stopping running all together – the results are in.

In my mind, there is evidence to support the suspicion I have in regards to high volume long distance running being somewhat detrimental to my body, may be correct.  


           Evidence : the available body of facts or information indicating                       whether a belief or proposition is true or valid


By evidence, I am referring to my leaner body composition these days, compared to when I was running more than 100 kilometres per week, back in 2013 – 2014.


                    Body Composition : is used to describe the percentages of fat, bone,                                     water and muscle in human bodies


However, my data collected over time, becomes a bit more fickle from which to draw an accurate conclusion, simply because I have used multiple methods to asses my body composition.

While the metrics regarding my fat free mass and fat mass in the above image are factual, when it comes to comparing two different body composition measuring methods, it may in fact be like comparing apples and oranges!


A comparison of  apples and oranges occurs when two items or groups of items are compared that cannot be practically compared.



Quantifying results….a bit fickle


The Bod Pod, Dexa Scan and InBody are all claimed by their individual manufactures to be accurate methods of estimating & monitoring changes in body composition.

bod-dex-inbod-001


Fat Free Mass : organs, bone, muscle, water and connective tissue

Fat Mass : total amount of body fat



Points to consider regarding the accuracy, interpretation and validity of my body composition measurements…


[1] As you can see in the image above, on the 25th of July 2016 I did a direct comparison between a Dexa Scan and the InBody 520. Even though InBody advertises 98% accuracy to Dexa, it did not seem to hold true in my personal experiment on this particular day.

[2] Comparing my December 2013 Bod Pod results to my 25th of July 2016 Dexa Scan, it seems possible, that my fat mass could have been reduced by 1.5kg, especially if my similar physical appearance is also taken into account. According to these two studies [1] [2] there is good correlation between the Bod Pod and Dexa Scan.

[3] Comparing my December 2013 Bod Pod results to my 25th of July 2016 InBody 520, it seems impossible, that my fat mass could have been reduced by 7.2 kg, especially if my similar physical appearance is also taken into account. I have not found any studies comparing Bod Pod to InBody.

[4] Apparently, all three methods are also very susceptible to water and food intake immediately prior to testing. In December 2013 I remember having breakfast a few hours before the Bod Pod test, whereas on the 25th of July 2016 my Dexa Scan and InBody testing was done fasted with no fluid of any kind three hours prior.


My conclusion for now…


All three methods may very well be correct – if compared only to themselves [Bod Pod to Bod Pod] [Dexa to Dexa] [InBody to InBody] and under similar circumstances, at least this is my personal experience with using them. Suffice to say, measuring body composition may not be as straight forward as it first seems.

Later in this post, I will expand on my 2016 body composition test results, hopefully without confusing you 🙂 and try to make a compelling argument for why I do believe my fat mass has in fact been reduced significantly since 2013.


Excessive exercise = Insulin Resistance ?


The possibility of my (former) ultimate passion (distance running) doing me harm, first occurred to me while reading The Art and Science of Low Carbohydrate Performance.

In this book, a study known as the Postmarathon Paradox is mentioned, indicating an impairment of the body’s response to Insulin (aka Insulin Resistance) on the morning after completing a marathon, since I was training for a marathon, this of course sparked my interest.


Paradox : a seemingly absurd or self-contradictory statement that when investigated may prove to be well founded…


Insulin is the major hormone within our body, which facilitates the absorption of blood sugar into muscle and organ cells for energy production, growth and repair. Insulin also assists the absorption of any excess blood sugar into fat cells, where it is converted to fat and stored as an energy source.

Becoming insulin resistant in muscle and organ cells, causes ‘internal starvation’, with a seemingly nonsensical and very cruel twist, because…

internalstarvationnew-001

Click to enlarge

…our fat cells tends to remain insulin sensitive, causing blood sugar to primarily be converted into body fat and we now gain weight from OVERFED & growing fat cells, while at the very same time STARVING & shrinking our muscles and organs.

In my mind, this scenario makes sense as to why obese people are always hungry and supposedly eating too much. The fact is they are starving on the inside while growing outwardly larger.


Obesity : is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health


Me in 2013


In 2013, I was seemingly no where near being classified as obese according to the above medical definition of the word.


Seemingly : according to the facts as one knows them


Nevertheless, after reading about the postmarathon paradox, I speculated that I may already be well down the track of insulin resistance due to the constant physical stress from my high volume distance running schedule.

I have since learnt, that being insulin resistant and remaining OUTWARDLY LEAN while becoming INWARDLY FAT, known as a TOFI (Thin Outside Fat Inside) is also entirely possible.


TOFIthin-outside-fat-inside is used to describe lean individuals with a disproportionate amount of fat stored within their abdomen


Michael Moseley, author of the the 5:2 fast diet and more recently the 8 week blood sugar diet, has helped bring attention to the fact of relatively slim looking individuals, (myself included) may in fact not be as lean and ‘healthy’ as they first appear to be.

 Nearly four years ago, I was diagnosed as a type 2 diabetic. I was not particularly overweight, weighing about 189lbs (86kgs) and I didn’t look particularly fat, but that was because a lot of the fat I was carrying was internal. I was a TOFI, Thin on the Outside, Fat Inside. I went for a special MRI scan and as you can see from my picture, I had lots of fat (the white stuff) clogging up my internal organs.

Extract from Michael’s story


Today, with the advantage of more than three years hindsight and educating myself more on this particular subject, I am now thoroughly convinced that the major reason I have a leaner physique today with less body fat and possibly more muscle mass, is because I returned to Normal Function.

normfunct-001Restoring my Normal Function, meant that I once again became equally Insulin sensitive in all cells, allowing the energy I was deriving from food, to primarily be absorbed into muscles and organs while simultaneously limiting my body fat accumulation.

Eventually, this return to normal function also lead (in my opinion) to the release of excessively stored body fat – causing a further fat loss.


YouTube.001In this public presentation from May 2016, I give my interpretation concerning the role Insulin performs in body fat regulation.

I also share my thoughts regarding...

  • Why I chose to quit running
  • How Insulin resistance occurs
  • What I eat on a LCHF diet
  • My take on Type 2 Diabetes
  • The role of HIT exercise
  • Examples of my HIT exercises
  • My body composition scan results*

* Which of course now needs to be taken with a grain of salt since my further analysis thereof.


Update…


My GTT/INSULIN results – click to enlarge image

While working on this blog post, I chose to undergo a two hour Glucose Tolerance Test including Insulin measurement (GTT/INSULIN). The more I learn about the topic of insulin resistance, the more it seems likely that my body may still be affected by it.

Looking at my test results, I was within normal ranges for both fasting Plasma (blood) Glucose : 5.4 (Range : 3.6 – 6.0) and Insulin : 8 (Range : 2-10).

According to a Common Sense Pathology (CSP) publication on insulin resistance (IR), it can be suspected if the two hour insulin is greater than 60. Mine was 67 !!!

In it’s Pdf, CSP recommends the HOMA and QUICKI index, to further asses one’s likelihood of IR.

Click to enlarge image

Plugging in my own numbers to the HOMA online calculator and the QUICKI online calculator I was able to obtain my results.

HOMA estimates everything is normal if your number is below 2. Mine was 1.92 – borderline insulin resistance.

QUICKI determines everything to be normal if your number is above 0.55. Mine was 0.35 – severe insulin resistance. Note the inverse relationship with the degree of resistance.

Sparking my curiosity further into this topic, was a blog post published on the 21st of December 2016, by Jason Fung.

In his article, Jason Fung talks about Joseph Kraft, a medical doctor who supervised more than 14.000 glucose including insulin tolerance tests (GTT/INSULIN), done over a five hour time period versus the standard two hours as I underwent myself.

Roughly plotting my insulin (67) onto Joseph Kraft’s graph and correlating with his literatureI come in at borderline diabetic!

Needless to say, proposing that I may have been (or still am) a TOFI and possibly a borderline Type 2 Diabetic is ofcourse very much speculation.

I have not yet undergone a five hour glucose tolerance test to properly asses my insulin resistance, nor have I had an MRI like Michael Moseley to determine if there is excess fat sorrounding my organs.

Nevertheless, it does start to look like, my anticipation three years ago, that I could well be on a very destructive path regarding the future functioning of my body (by running excessively and consuming too much carbohydrate), could in fact have been a pretty good guess?


                           Anticipation : guess or be aware of (what will happen)                                                         and take action in order to be prepared



If you simply wait until blood glucose is elevated, then you have T2D, no question. But if you have normal blood sugars, then you may still be at risk of diabetes (pre-diabetes).

Extract from Understanding Joseph Kraft’s Diabetes



Excessive exercise = Degrading muscle ?


Perlmutter.Int..001


Degrading : break down or deteriorate


…in looking back, at the time you were training, you were probably extremely catabolic and hopefully because you were in ketosis – burning your caloric storage  in the form of fat, but may have been degrading muscle as well, through gluconeogenesis to create glucose for fueling your body during your extensive training…

Dr David Perlmutter [13:45] April 2016 interview

Dr Perlmutter also pointed out another paradox; even though I was fit by every measure in 2013, I may also have been breaking down my own muscle tissue into glucose/blood sugar, through a normal bodily process known as Gluconeogenesis (new formation of glucose) in the exact same time period.

Since I was such an extraordinary fat burner and Gluconeogenesis incorporates the ability to make glucose from adipose tissue (body fat) as well as muscle tissue, there had to be a plausible explanation as to why my body would choose to retain a fair amount of body fat and preferably break down muscle tissue?

?    skeptical   ?

While this (still hypothetical) ‘degrading muscle scenario’ was undoubtedly related to the previously discussed insulin resistance as well as my body trying to make more blood sugar to fuel my running, there seemed to be more elements in play for it all to make proper sense.

Because I was bombarding myself with an activity which requires lightness to be efficient, it seemed obvious that my body would want to get rid of as much excess weight as possible and shedding body fat rather than muscle tissue seems logical – so why did the opposite appear to have taken place?

Maybe it was time to investigate – exactly how exercise was impacting my body?


Defining Exercise


Exercise : A specific activity that stimulates a positive physiological adaptation that serves to enhance fitness and health and does not undermine the latter in the process of enhancing the former.

Chapter 1 Page 3 – Body by Science


More clues started to emerge when I discovered this video withBodyByScienceBook Dr Doug McGuff and later on his book Body By Science.

Doug McGuff explains at length, how the impact of exercise influences the human body and being exposed to his knowledge has completely revolutionized what limited wisdom I personally believed to posses on this topic.

“…this signal (exercise) that responded on your body, is a negative thing, so once you invoke it, you want to allow your body the opportunity to synthesize the adaptive response…”

Doug McGuff [38:45] video


 Adaptive/Adaptation : the process of change by which an organism or             species becomes better suited to its environment


My own conclusion, as to why I may have been degrading muscle tissue during my rigorous distance running days, can in a Body By Science sort of way, be explained like this…

I was over-training and not allowing my body enough recovery time, the running now became a destructive force, rather than a stimuli for adaptation, which meant I was probably living in a chronic state of exhaustion…


Exhaustion leads to muscle wasting…


In my anatomy book, it talks about what physiological changes may take place by prolonged exposure to high levels of stress hormones like cortisol and refers to this state as exhaustion.


Cortisol : It is released in response to stress… It functions to increase blood sugar       through gluconeogenesis, to suppress the immune system…

Wikipedia


 grabkowski-001

Having deduced this hypothesis in a roundabout way from self education and experimentation as to why I am leaner with more muscle in my forties than I probably ever was in my twenties and thirties, makes me appreciate how freely, the likes of Dr Perlmutter and Dr McGuff share their knowledge through social media channels and publishing of books.


Hypothesis : a proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation


Had it not been for access to this kind information, I would most likely still be pounding the pavement in a state of exhaustion, which in itself, is a pretty scary thought!

Below is a snapshot of what my training schedule looked like, just before I decided to stop running, which I am now almost convinced – was keeping my body in a state of permanent exhaustion.

In this short video recorded during the training week shown below, demonstrates my understanding in relation to the use of body fat for energy, but also my total incomprehension about the possibility of a degrading muscle scenario’ being in play.

BigRunningWeek.001


Exploring High Intensity Training


Because I remained virtually the same body weight with a bucket load less formal physical activity over the next two years following my ‘retirement’ from running, I was starting to contemplate that exercise was largely irrelevant concerning the maintenance of a lean composition, it seemed more likely, that choosing my parents well (my genetic makeup) combined with what I ate, was mostly determining my degree of leanness.

The above paragraph was starting to become my conclusion….up until I decided to explore the possibilities and effects of High Intensity Training (HIT) as outlined by Doug McGuff and others like Drew Baye and Skyler Tanner.


High Intensity Training : is a style of progressive resistance exercise characterized by a high level of effort and relatively brief and infrequent workouts…

Extracts from  What is HIT?


Deciding to investigate how HIT would modify my body composition, I went to a local Dexa Scan facility, (Bod Pod was not available) in order to establish a baseline for my body composition at the onset of commencing a regular HIT routine.

bodpodvsdexa2-001

Click to enlarge

This particular Dexa Scan result (January 2016) also gave me some insight into how my physique had changed over the past two years, since ‘retiring’ from distance running in early 2014.

As earlier mentioned, in trying to decipher how well the Bod Pod and Dexa Scan compare, I had found two [1] [2] studies – both concluding that a Bod Pod shows approximately two percent higher body fat than a Dexa Scan in the same individual.

Taking into account, the similar appearance of my physique in 2013 and 2016 did make it seem plausible, that my Fat Mass (body fat) had remained relatively unchanged and the two kilogram weight gain was in fact mostlyFat Free Mass (muscle, water, bone and organs).


Principles of High Intensity Training



                               Principle : a fundamental truth that serves as                                   the foundation for a chain of reasoning


#1

“…proper exercise is a stimulus which acts on your body to demand an adaptive change…”

#2

“…to stimulate your body to make an adaptive change, your exercise intensity must cross a certain threshold before your body will respond…”

#3

“…by training to muscular failure, we send an alarm to your body that more muscle and improved metabolic are needed…”

#4

“the minimum amount of exercise that will produce the stimulus for adaptation…anything beyond this amount of exercise only acts to consume precious recovery resources…”

 Extracts from TRAIN with Doctor Dough


In this 5 minute video Dough McGuff explains the main principles behind High Intensity Training.

The fundamental Body By Science workout protocol for HIT is referred to as the Big Five Workout. It incorporates five basic movements which are performed on exercise machines in order to take away the need for skill and thereby implementing a high level of safety – no weight can fall on you while doing these particular exercises.

Having trained excessively and probably destructively, during my running days, I am now very aware of adhering to principle #4 and only doing the minimum amount of exercise required to stimulate a positive adaptation – namely maintaining my muscle mass and restricting body fat accumulation.


               Stimulus (stimulate) : a thing or event that evokes a specific                functional reaction in an organ or tissue


My personal HIT workout – Big Four incorporates four of the Big Five exercises, which I perform in less than nine minute every seven to ten days.

Measuring progress with this kind of training is done by what is termed Time Under Load (TUL), which is the amount of time your muscles are directly under the pressure of your chosen weight load. In other words, only time is counted and not the number of repetitions done on any given exercise.

Striving to make sure that my TUL and /or the weight on each individual exercise in my BIG Four workout is consistently increasing (or at the very least maintained), will indicate my overall strength and muscle mass maintenance is on track.


On Track : a way that is likely to achieve what is required


exercises-002

Click to watch video

The TROM (Tiny Range Of Motion) Deadlift, is an exercise I use to test my near maximum strength, usually doing no more than one to five repetitions per set for five or six sets total.

Executing this lift in a very small range of motion minimizes the risk of injury by only lifting in a posture where my whole body, especially my spinal column, is in the absolute strongest and safest position for a handling a heavy load.


Strength : physical power and energy



The very latest from Doug McGuff


12 Minutes Once a Week

….in terms of human metabolism, health and diseases of modern civilization this is where skeletal muscle effects really shine, the biggest component of metabolic syndrome is loss of insulin sensitivity…..and over time that loss of insulin sensitivity results in the disease states of modern diseases, type two diabetes, atherosclerosis, inflammation, all driven by this drop in insulin sensitivity….

Dr. Doug McGuff

d-mcguff-dresden-001

Click to watch 12 Minutes Once a Week


Strength Training for Health and Longevity

….and what we are finding, is that all the diseases we don’t desire, seems to track along with muscle loss and reversal or improvement in those disease states are presided by increases in muscle mass and strength…

Dr. Doug McGuff

ihmc-mcguff-001

Click to watch Strength Training for Health and Longevity


Spontaneous vs compelled movement…


As Doug McGuff points out in his presentations, when we gain a decent level of muscular strength through consistent but infrequent HIT, we seem to develop a natural desire for more spontaneous movement in general.

The following exercises are part of my spontaneous movements which I perform on the ‘rest’ days in between my formal workouts (Big Four and The TROM Deadlift). I never pre plan doing these exercises, but simply allow my energy levels and time availability on the day to determine, whether it simply ends up being a good walk or a combination of several exercises – always keeping in mind that my objective is spontaneous rather than compelled activity.


Spontaneous : performed as a result of a sudden inner impulse

Compelled : feeling forced or obliged to do something


One of my favorite exercises for maintaining overall mobility is a Kumar – Carlos Push Up. I tend to do a set or two of 15 – 30 repetitions per set, it is a really good full body exercise which I find excellent to start the day &/or end the day, particularly if I have been sitting a lot.


Mobility : the ability to move



Performing a handstand, is a great way to make sure I maintain good coordination. In fact, I believe both of these exercises are good for building overall coordination, because each one requires almost every muscle in the whole body to do work at the same time…..needless to say, I never perform my handstand to muscular failure 🙂 …but simply hold it for about 20 to 30 seconds at a time.


                   Coordination : the ability to use different parts of the body                            together smoothly and efficiently



From LEAN to LEANER – in 1 year with HIT


HIT may only play a very small role in TIME and VOLUME, but the effect it has, when applied correctly, is in my opinion and personal experience – crucial for acquiring and maintaining a lean physique.

After having my baseline Dexa Scan on the 14th of January 2016, I discovered the InBody 520 method which is less invasive, faster and much cheaper compared to a dexa scan. I therefore started using the Inbody method as my new body composition measurement method of choice, starting on the 27th of January 2016 as shown in the image below.

I also commenced a documentation of my journey by having a professional photo shoot (trimphotography.net) done on the exact same day as my monthly InBody measurements.

By doing a direct InBody to InBody comparison, performed under similar conditions (around 10am each time with no fluid or food intake three hours prior to testing) I am hoping the accuracy has been closer to a proper ‘apples to apples’ measurement.

Click to enlarge

Since adhering to HIT principles in all my scheduled exercise for a year, I lost 4 kilos in body weight, which according to the Inbody 520 method was entirely body fat


DEXA SCAN – a different story ?


dexajan-july-001

However, had I chosen to use my January 2016 Dexa Scan as my baseline measurement, it might just have told another story. By July 2016 the Dexa was showing a substantial loss in Fat Free Mass as well as Fat Mass.

skeptical

The reason I am hesitant in putting too much emphasis on comparing my Dexa Scan results above (other than vanity), is purely because I know they were done under two different circumstances.

The first scan (14th of January) was done in the afternoon after completing an early morning HIT workout, having morning coffee and drinking water up until an hour prior to scanning.

The second scan (25th of July) was done in the morning on a non training day and no fluid of any kind was consumed three hours beforehand.

Since the beginning of attempting to track and quantify my body composition progress, I have realized just how important it is to control the variables in an experiment to obtain reliable results.

In 2017, I will complete a Dexa Scan under similar conditions as my 25th of July 2016 scan.

So far in this blog post, I have aimed to outline how I believe an excessive amount of physical activity resulted in a chronically exhausted physical state and storing of excess body fat in my own physique. I then explained how a very different approach to exercise, while high in intensity but low in volume, seems to have been extremely beneficial to my body composition.

Over the past three years, I have also come to understand, that the true impact of food consumption, goes far beyond being merely being an energy source to fuel the body. In my previous blog posts Fasting, Ketosis & Fat Loss as well as Living In The Metabolic Zone, I share my personal experience regarding, what I believe are the benefits and consequences of having one’s body running on fat as it’s major fuel source.


LCHF Ketogenic Diet : Foundation for a lean physique


In all probability, adhering to a LCHF Ketogenic diet has been and continues to be at least ninety percent responsible for staying lean and getting even leaner after I quit long distance running.


Foundation : the lowest load-bearing part of a building


Just like the foundation of a building is the load bearing base, upon which the entire structure is built, so too is a specific metabolism within our body the foundation for allowing us to start releasing body fat to be used as an energy source and thereby become leaner. By eating a LCHF diet, we slowly start to change our metabolism into one which is very good a at metabolizing (converting into energy) fat.

Eating more fat and less carbohydrates, gradually changes the body into a very efficient fat burning organism – exercise or not.


                        Metabolism : the chemical processes that occur                                           within a living organism in order to maintain life


Experiencing the change in my own physiology over the last four years since switching to a LCHF Ketogenic diet and reducing my exercise volume, has been profound, but like any new journey undertaken the learning which takes place along the way is always the most far-reaching.

Emphasizing how important the role of exercise is and the extraordinary difference between being a destructive force versus a beneficial stimulus, is no doubt exciting, but unless HIT is applied into a body which is already primed by proper nutrition, it will not work nearly as well, if at all?


Primed : made ready for action

Nutrition : the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth and reproduction

dietdoctor

Image borrowed from dietdoctor.com – an excellent resource for LCHF recipes

The basics

  • Eat: Meat, fish, eggs, vegetables growing above ground and natural fats (like butter).
  • Avoid: Sugar and starchy foods (like bread, pasta, rice, beans and potatoes).

Extract from Introduction – Low Carb


Spearheading this way of eating is the Scandinavian country of Sweden, who in recent years seem to have a large proportion of it’s population adopting the LCHF dietary guidelines as a way of life.


On Monday SBU, the Swedish Council on Health Technology Assessment, dropped a bombshell. After a two-year long inquiry, reviewing 16,000 studies, the report “Dietary Treatment for Obesity upends the conventional dietary guidelines for obese or diabetic people.

Extract from Fat trims your waistline


LCHF Ketogenic with more FIBER and the MICROBIOME


Since meeting Dr Perlmutter for the first time in 2013, his main focus has gravitated strongly towards understanding the role of the microbiome… 

those 100 trillion organisms that live within the gut, as well as their genetic material, are essential to the body’s regulation and metabolization of food

Extract from Dr Perlmutters Blog

metabolism-001

perlmutterpic2-001

…your body has undergone a dramatic change, having suddenly gone from one profound extreme training for this marathon to very little caloric expenditure at this point, that’s going to have a significant effect on your physiology, on your metabolism, but also it’s going to change your microbiome…

Dr David Perlmutter [7.50] April 2016 interview

It started to seem like my transformation from FAT to LEAN, may be related to more than simply restoring my insulin sensitivity by persevering with a LCHF diet and changing my exercise approach, but also to how the 100 trillion organisms living in my gut might have changed in the last four years.

Having stayed in tune with Dr Perlmutter’s work by following him on social media and in particular using his book Brain Maker as a constant reference, it has become clearer, that the story is evolving beyond lowering carbohydrates and eating more fat. This of course prompted me to start of with the following question in my interview with him……

Me : Is a low carb high fat diet still the cornerstone of what you do ?

Dr Perlmutter : It is, and I think that what we are leveraging now, is not just the notion of lowering carbohydrates and simple sugars and adding in more fat, but the big thing we really need to push now is FIBER, oddly enough…


Fiber : dietary material which is resistant to the action of digestive enzymes


…you know the average American consumes about five grams of prebiotic fiber, it’s been estimated that our paleolithic ancestors consumed as much as one hundred and twenty five grams a day, the reason that is important, is because now we are talking about nurturing the gut bacteria and that has really taken center stage…


Prebiotic : a non-digestible food ingredient that promotes the growth of beneficial microorganisms in the intestines.


…lower carb higher fat is good for the diversity and complexity of the gut bacteria, but we have got to nurture them by giving them good levels of prebiotic fiber…


Diverse (diversity) : showing a great deal of variety

                         Complex (complexity) : a system of different things                                 that are linked in a close or complicated way


…when you don’t do that, even though you may be eating higher fat and you ‘re in ketosis and keeping your carbs low, still you might start to gain weight, despite how much exercise you do or don’t get, but if you don’t pay a lot more attention to the microbiome, it will still pave the way for not being able to realise your goals


Since my own journey began almost four years ago, with lowering carbohydrates and a stronger emphasis on eating more fat, my natural tendency has gravitated towards consuming increasingly higher amounts of vegetables along with the fat. The following images illustrates the general composition of my meals these days.

Typical brunch…

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brunch…

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dinner…

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dinner…

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dinner…

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dessert…

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dessert…

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and the occasional snack…

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While I still strive to keep my body in a state of ketosis on a daily basis, I now pay similar close attention to what Dr Perlmutter told me during our interview :

…being in mild ketosis does emulate to a significant degree what our paleolithic ancestors must have been like, but beyond the fact that you have looked very specifically at carbs versus fat, you have got to now look at nurturing your microbiome and that means the addition of adequate fermented foods teeming with good organisms, but more importantly nurturing the good gut bacteria with much higher levels of prebiotic fiber.


The very latest from Dr David Perlmutter



David Perlmutter discusses Ketogenic Nutrition with Dominic D’Agostino

Click to watch : David Perlmutter, MD and Dominic D’Agostino


David Perlmutter discusses sugar with Gary Taubes

Click to watch : David Perlmutter, MD and Gary Taubes


David Perlmutter discusses cancer with Thomas Seyfried


2016 Science : LCHF Ketogenic Resistance Training


While I have been busy doing my personal experimentation combining LCHF Ketogenic eating with HIT, a real scientist named Jacob Wilson has carried out proper scientific experiments in his laboratory at The Applied Science & Performance Institute.

In his presentation Ketogenic Diets & Resistance Training, he covers the very latest science on why the restriction of carbohydrates in our diet while doing resistance training is so beneficial….he coincidentally concludes his talk by emphasizing the importance of FIBER

You can view Jacob Wilson’s presentation by signing up for a 30 day free membership trial on dietdoctor.com. After logging in, click MembershipPresentations → Low Carb USA 2016.

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Olaf Sorensen at age 43

Needless to say, if we want to live in a well functioning body, it requires us to invest a great deal of our effort and time to obtain an understanding of it’s essential requirements.

When a scientist, doctor or a Phd specialize by becoming an expert in a particular subject and presents their acquired knowledge, it is very easy to become overwhelmed, confused and even discouraged by the complexity of it all…


Complexity : a system of different things that are linked in a close or complicated way


The human body is simply a complex system, which we provide with proper nutrition, effective stimuli through exercise and enough good sleep – after which this complicated system will then convert all of these elements into a well functioning physique, simple!


My own simple guidelines…


#1 EAT A LCHF KETOGENIC DIET with plenty of FIBER

#2 DO SOME HIT FROM TIME TO TIME

#3 MOVE SPONTANEOUSLY

#4 GET PLENTY OF SLEEP

…and remember

…knowledge is EMPOWERMENT


           Empowerment : the process of becoming stronger and more confident,       especially in controlling one’s life


 

 

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Since my journey began with the exploration of ketosis, I have become increasingly inspired by the work of Thomas Seyfried and Dominic D’Agostino.

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Listen to Dominic D’Agostino & Thomas Seyfried being interviewed by Dr Mercola on YouTube

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Their work is highly focused on the therapeutic value of using the ketogenic diet to maintain a bodily state of ketosis in people being treated for cancer.

In 2013, Thomas Seyfried released his book Cancer As A Metabolic Disease.

CanAsMetDisHis main premise is that cells turn cancerous, due to their energy producing ability within being impaired, rather than the cause being defective, damaged or inherited cancer causing – genes.

In several presentations (#1, #2, #3) he clearly explains how the nucleus of a cancer cell, (containing damaged genes) can be transplanted into a healthy cell, after which the cancer ceases to develop. This proves why defective genes – cannot be the driving force stimulating cancer growth and development.

Cancer cells have a metabolic flaw, they cannot use fat & ketones for fuel – only blood sugar. By restricting calories, in particular carbohydrates, blood sugar drops lower whereby enormous stress is placed on cancer cells to obtain enough energy for their survival.

Seyfried and D’Agostino are advocating a non toxic therapy, which exploits the inability of cancer cells to metabolize fat and ketones as an alternative fuel source when blood sugar becomes scarce.

The Metabolic Zone is a term they use to describe the bodily state of high level ketosis, shown in their documented research, to effectively assist in weakening cancer cells.

     When ketones are above blood glucose/sugar levels        …the body is inside the Metabolic Zone.

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In this presentation Dominic D’Agostino explains their non toxic therapeutic approach to treating cancer and why it is so crucial, that a person being treated with this strategy, to remain inside the metabolic zone.

…you can date back to 400 BC the time of Hippocrates that fasting could control seizures, the mechanism really wasn’t understood until we were measuring ketones in the 1920’s…

Dominic D’Agostino

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DrSquat.001Fred Hatfield – one of the strongest men on the planet, was diagnosed with cancer and told by several doctors he only had three months to live.

Fred used the ketogenic diet to overcome his cancer.

His story, which featured on CBN News includes an interview with Dominic D’Agostino.

 

Tripping Over The Truthby Travis ChristoffersonTOTT

In this interview, Travis Christofferson talks about meeting Thomas Seyfried and writing this brilliant book in 2014.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Being a self proclaimed student, tester and experimenter of aiming to remain in ketosis 24/7, I find myself living in the Metabolic Zone for several hours on most days.

For 6 months, I have been rigorously testing my blood sugar and ketones, kept a detailed log of the results, paid close attention to the effect of exercise as well as the foods which seems most beneficial to raising ketones and keeping blood sugar low.

My continues experiment/study which involves daily adherence to close monitoring, requires a rock solid conviction that all of the money spent on blood sample test strips plus effort and time applied to the study of ketosis is all worth while….

….I believe it is….and the best is yet to come.

 

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“Knowledge unless applied – remains useless…..”

Living in the Metabolic Zone is something I more or less stumbled into. While studying the numbers of my daily blood tests, I noticed that on most days I would be inside the zone at some point.

Being in the Metabolic Zone feels like…..well, being in the zone! Not only is this bodily state highly beneficial by aiding to weaken cancerous cells – it also amplifies one’s experience of daily living.

Below is my detailed account of three consecutive days living in the Metabolic Zone.

Day # 1

  • I have been testing the effects of short intense workouts by running short hill sprints. The intensity of effort causes a rapid rise in blood sugar and drop in ketones, which only seems to be temporary.
  • I firmly believe, that allowing my body time to calm down after intense exercise before eating, is a crucial factor to proper digestion.
  • Lately, I’ve been enjoying my mum’s home made liver pate (70-80% fat) for my lunch, it certainly seems to be a potent ketone producer 🙂

 

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 Day # 2

  • Since fasting in January, my weight has remained stable around 62 – 63 kg, every time it goes higher, I simply seem to lose my appetite.
  • The combination of very light exercise followed by coffee is still a great combination for ketone production.
  • From time to time I reach the same low blood sugar in a fully fed state as when I fast for several days. On this particular day it went down to 63mg/dl at 3.03pm.
  • Blueberries, strawberries and raspberries with heavy cream, accompanied by some 85% dark chocolate, does not seem to raise blood sugar or lower ketones significantly.

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 Day # 3

  • Using intense exercise as a strategy to burn up my already low glycogen stores and thereby lowering blood sugar, to then kick on a good rise in ketones a few hours later, seems to be working well.
  • Having a glass or two of red wine most nights with dinner is a nice treat, which is not detrimental to remaining in ketosis, at least for my personal physiology 🙂
  • Eating too much food overall, even being mostly fat, seems to raise my blood sugar slightly and ketones can also come down, but it has never taken me completely out of ketosis.

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” The most perceivable benefit inside the metabolic zone is a sense of unlimited mental energy. “

In The Daily Ketone Advantage I compare the feeling of beingSuperfuel.001 in a high state of ketosis to operating on ‘five espressos a day, without the shakes.

This very obvious and strong effect, is most likely related to the description which Richard L. Veech  and George F. Cahill, Jr attributes to ketones in their article Ketoacids? Good Medicine?

“…the principal ketone, is not just a fuel, but a superfuel more efficiently producing ATP energy than glucose or fatty acid…”

(From the abstract of Ketosis? Good Medicine?)

A heightened mental state is apparent at lower levels of ketosis, but I find it much more prominent once I’m in the metabolic zone.

“Equally advantageous is the suppression of hunger, allowing more focus on any task at hand”

SuppOfHunger.001In the metabolic zone, one’s body is obviously metabolizing fat (dietary & body fat) into energy at a very high rate. It could be stated that fatty acids and ketones, have now become the predominant fuel sources for the body, instead of blood sugar.

Because this high fat burning state is synonymous with limited/low glycogen stores, it seems very likely, that once no more food is left in the digestive system for conversion into energy, the suppression of hunger is due to the ease at which stored body fat is able to be metabolized.

“Time & time again, I find the metabolic zone a potent antidote for feelings of depression and distress “

Culv.Perspec.001Never having been formally diagnosed or taken medication for depression, but being someone who still goes to a dark place in his mind where tremendous doubt in my own abilities to simply sustain oneself sets in, is something I’ve struggled with over the years.

From exclusive personal observations in myself, I have found the ‘euphoric’ feeling of being in ketosis to help cultivate a sense of perspective, whenever life gets a bit daunting and gloomy.

As with the perception of enhanced mental energy from ketosis, I find the ‘euphoric’ sensation most eminent when ketones get to a more elevated level, as when inside the metabolic zone.

 

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“Does the presence of ketones help to control blood sugar?”

There is some speculation, which suggests, that by maintaining a relatively low blood sugar level together with the presence of ketones, contributes to greater insulin sensitivity or in some other way may help to better utilize and control blood sugar.

I decided to investigate how my body would handle a sudden high sugar load if I started out with a high ketone level – especially the effect it would have on my ability to maintain ketosis.

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  • 1.34pm – I was in the zone, with ketones at 5.5mmol/L, I started my sugar load by proceededing to eat a whole packet of Tim Tam’s.
  • 3 hours later my blood sugar was measuring 190mg/dl, but I still maintained a reasonable ketone level of 1.3 mm/L.
  • Maintaining a state of ketosis parallel with very high blood sugar, suggests to me, that ketosis may be the preferred metabolic state for my body.
  • Almost 8 hours after the first biscuit, my blood sugar had come back down, but I only had one ketone test strip left and decided to use it the following morning….

 

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  • My first test at 7.13am showed blood sugar & ketone levels were back to normal.
  • Being unable to test ketones, I could only see that my blood sugar followed it’s relatively normal pattern, indicating that my body had processed the big sugar load efficiently.

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  • (FACT) After a high intensity workout, my blood sugar (8.24am) remained stable, normally it would spike up.
  • (THEORY)This may have been a direct result of having fuller glycogen (sugar) reserves in my muscles due to the high sugar load yesterday.
  • (CONCLUSION) See below…

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A high intensity workout, normally causes a spike in my blood sugar. On the day after loading up on sugar, there was no significant blood sugar rise after my morning hill sprint session, indicating a big change in my body chemistry.

Sugar&ExPhoto.001As a consequence of “sugar loading” the day before, I now had access to much more “locally stored sugar” in my muscles, ready to fuel the sprint workout.

Because my liver did not have to release it’s glycogen reserves into the blood stream during the sprint session, there was no big spike in my blood glucose level.

Comparing this workout to previous sessions, my results was very similar, neither better or worse.

The ability to successfully “fill up” my muscle glycogen stores and match my usual workout performance, implies a very flexible metabolism, which can adapt to a sudden change in fuel.

Just as noticeable, is the observation that I performed no better after sugar loading, than I normally do on my regular very low carbohydrate diet – with limited/low muscle sugar stores.

Arguably, the above statement is made on very thin ice, being a “one moment in time” case study – combined with the likely fact of my physiology, being favorably “set up” to metabolize fat rather than carbohydrates & sugar at present.

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From the outset of eating chocolate biscuits my blood sugar rose rapidly (83mg/dl to 183mg/dl) over the next 52 minutes. I felt mostly fine, except for a little nausea, which could be expected, given the small time period I consumed the whole packet in. 

Throughout the entire afternoon I continued to feel very energetic and never seemed to experience an energy crash, which can often follow a big sugar high. to feel very energetic and never seemed to experience an

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Judging by how energized I felt following my big sugar intake – with no subsequent crash highly suggests the majority of sugar was converted to energy very efficiently.

Had my energy level instead waned soon afterwards, it would have indicated a lesser ability, of my body to burn up the sugar as energy. The end result would alternatively have been the synthesis (making) of fat in my liver and to some degree excretion of excess sugar by the kidneys into the urine. been turned into predominantly body fat by my liver and to some degree,

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Being able to maintain ketosis (1.3mmol/L) in unison with high blood glucose (190mg/dl), was an intriging outcome and observation.

This may have been possible, due to the fact, that I have remained in an almost unbroken and relatively high state of ketosis for at least six months.

By ketones being so consistently present in the blood stream, my body may have evolved to prefer and depend on them as a major fuel source over time ? 

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Seemingly, I handled a big sugar influx very well for someone who rarely consumes pure sugar and consistently eats a very low carbohydrate diet.

Did my blood ketone level of 5.5 mmol/L, at the outset of the experiment, enhance my body’s ability to shuttle the enormous sugar load into my cells for energy use, thereby preventing an energy crash and a subsequent synthesis of body fat from the sugar consumed?

If ketones can…

  • enhance blood sugar control..

  • improve mental energy…

  • work as a super fuel..

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  • avert depression…

  • suppress hunger…

  • weaken cancer…

What is possible…?? 😉

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“…..in sixteen days, I lost 6.6 kilograms or 15 pounds…..”

“….my blood sugar went down to 49 mg/dl, a dangerously low level by most medical standards…..”

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Fasting

Fasting is defined as an act of willing abstinence from food for a prolonged period. The objective of a fast is to give the body a break from digesting food, though allowing the natural repair processes within the body, to take place.

When food intake stops, the body is compelled to live of the energy it has stored, primarily body fat. The main purpose of having body fat is to temporarily store it as an energy source. If we did not have this storage capability, we could not sleep through the night between dinner and breakfast, without having to wake up and snack every few hours.

Because body fat is the main energy source during a fast, this time period can be very effective in reducing body weight that is carried in the form of excess fat tissue.

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Within the first twenty four to forty eight hours of fasting, FtoK's.001the body enters into a state known as ketosis. This is a natural condition where compounds called ketones start to be produced in the liver, from body fat being mobilized for energy.

All of our body’s muscles and organs, aside from the brain, can use fat directly as energy. hahha haha haha hahah ah ah aha h ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah hh

The only way fat can fuel the brain is when it gets converted into Ketones.

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Once blood sugar starts to drop, as it inevitably does during a fast as the glycogen (sugar) stores gradually become depleted, then Ketones become the only other alternate source of fuel for the brain.

Ketosis is a completely natural state and an essential bodily function, especially during a fast.

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On the 12th of January 2015, I embarked on an extended fast. The main purpose of this test was to lose some body fat and experiment with being in high-level Ketosis for a prolonged period of time.

Within forty eight hours of commencing my fast, I became very mentally alert and sleeping beyond four to five hours per night was impossible. I later concluded this was due to Ketones being an extremely effective brain fuel.

At the time I did not have access to Ketone testing, so instead I tracked my blood sugar level up to ten times per day. Knowing that Ketones must go up whenever blood sugar goes down, made this an indirect way of measuring my state of Ketosis.

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Late evening on day four I was so wide awake, which worried me a bit, even though I was feeling fine. As a precaution, I decided to break my fast and resume eating at this time.

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In most medical literature, normal blood sugar is defined as being 70 mg/dl or above, anything below is considered to be on the verge of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).

What may be regarded too low a level, is only relevant, if the liver cannot make ketones to replace the blood sugar as an energy source. (This is my own opinion and experience)

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Click to enlarge blood sugar range chart

Below is how my blood sugar level fared over this period, it dropped down to a low of 58 mg/dl by mid afternoon on day four.

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My blood sugar in mg/dl

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The transformation in my physique was not extraordinary, but quite impressive after only four days. A great deal of the weight lost seemed to be water and my appearance was now less bloated.

My photos and weight measurements are all taken late morning in a fully hydrated state versus first thing in the morning where the body can be somewhat dehydrated.

The photo on the 16th of January 2015 was taken approximately twelve hours after I decided to end my initial four day fast. My total weight loss at this point was 3.6 kilos / 8 pounds.

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Click to enlarge images

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I ate food normally for three days and resumed fasting on the 19th of January 2015 while continuing to monitor my blood sugar several times a day.

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Click to enlarge – photo by Shawn Connell

In an attempt to deplete my glycogen (sugar) stores quickly and thereby enter into a state of higher fat burning faster, I performed a brief hill sprint workout for the first five days during my second round of fasting.

The workout consisted of three intervals, approximately one minute each, sprinting up a 200 meter/ 220 yard hill at close to maximum effort.

Having done extensive testing (since my fasting experiment) on my blood sugar and ketone levels immediately before and after exercise, I now have some doubts whether this attempt was successful in speeding up my body’s fat burning, it may even have been a hindrance.

The immediate effect of intense exercise (at least on my body), is an elevation of blood sugar which is the opposite of what is needed when trying to burn body fat for fuel.

I also found, that my blood sugar level would stay elevated for several hours after my workout.

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My blood sugar levels in mg/dl

Seen here is my blood sugar range throughout the ten day fast.

The high recordings on days 1 to 5 ended up being the ones immediately after my sprint workout.

An interesting observation, was that I ran faster times for each sprint on day 5 compared to day 1.

To me, this demonstrated how the body always preserves and maintains enough glycogen stores in order to physically perform at a high level when needed – despite being deprived of food intake for several days.

On the morning of day 7, my blood sugar was down to 49 mg/dl, a dangerously low level, according to most medical standards.

However, as mentioned earlier, the danger was only relative if my liver had not produced ketones from body fat stores to replace blood sugar as my major energy source.

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Personal best hand stand on day 10

I also maintained a light exercise regime throughout the entire fasting period, consisting of a 40 minute mountain hike twice a day, as well as my 15 minute daily handstand routine.

On the morning of day 10, I ascended the mountain hike in my fastest time ever and proceeded to make a personal best, for the amount of time I could hold a hand stand.

I have been asked on several occasions, whether I lost muscle mass during my fast. Without doing a proper before and after body composition test, there is really no way to know for certain, but judging from my photos and how I felt throughout, I don’t believe this was the case.

Had I been breaking down muscle tissue, it would have been almost impossible to perform physically on day 5 (faster sprint times) and day 10 (PB hand stand and hike time) as I did.

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Below are the final before and after comparison photos of my entire fasting period spanning a total of sixteen days, including three days of non fasting.

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In sixteen days, I lost 6.6 kilograms / 15 pounds, this was close to ten percent of my starting body weight. The telling tale with any rapid weight loss is of course, how much is permanent?

Within the first two weeks of resuming a regular eating schedule again, my weight slowly increased about 2-3 kg / 4-6 pounds.

For the past 3 months, while consuming my regular ketogenic diet of low carbohydrate high fat and not restricting calories in any way, my weight has remained stable around 63 kg / 139 pounds.

I view fasting, when done properly, as a way of re-compositioning the body and achieving one’s ideal body fat percentage without losing lean muscle, in the process.

Fasting may even be the quickest, safest and most efficient way to shed body fat – because of the natural high fat burning rate, while the body is in a state of ketosis.

Here you see my latest weigh in and photo session on the 12th of April 2015, compared to the 28th of January – the last day of fasting.

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Ketone T

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It is very easy to measure your own ketone level.

A monitoring meter like the Precision Xtra will tell you instantly what your blood ketone level is.

This meter is developed for diabetics and can measure both ketones and blood sugar.

The blue strips shown here are used to test your blood sugar, while the purple are for ketone testing.

 

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These are the terms which Dr Jeff Volek and Dr Stephen Phinney, in their book The Art and Science of Low Carbohydrate Performance attribute to the ascending ketone blood level.

Diabetic Keto Acidosis is a condition which can only occur in people with type one diabetes. A situation needs to arise where blood sugar goes above 240 – 300 mg/dl at which point Ketone production can also rise to a toxic level. hah hah hah haha

In the Optimal Ketone Zone, Dr Volek and Dr Phinney estimate that Ketones are being utilized most effectively as energy by the brain, but also to fuel muscles and other organs.

During Starvation Ketosis, fat is being metabolized and converted into Ketones at a higher rate. This happens in a scenario like fasting or if eating a high fat and very low carbohydrate diet on a consistent basis.

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At 4.37pm on the 28th of January, the last day of fasting, I finally got access to Ketone testing.

My very first test, the meter showed HI, this happens when the ketone level is above 8 mmol/L, needless to say, I was in a high state of Ketosis.

At exactly the same time, my blood sugar was low (68 mg/dl), which meant I was in a healthy state of ketosis and nowhere near Diabetic Keto Acidosis, as described above.

I probably entered into an elevated state of ketosis, soon after starting to fast. This would explain my high level of mental alertness and less need for sleep throughout the sixteen days, due to ketones being a “super fuel” for the brain.

In The Daily Ketone Advantage, I have written about the benefits of being in ketosis on a daily basis.

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According to the results from my self testing, drinking coffee seems to very consistently, correlate with a rise in ketone level.

While fasting, I only drank water plus two to three cups of coffee with heavy cream a day, so in a sense I was getting a very small amount of calories daily.

Every time I tested the effects of coffee, it seemed to stimulate ketone production – or at the very least, I can say, it never seemed to inhibit my ketones from rising.

During this particular test, my ketones rose 1.8 mmol/L in a little over 2 hours after drinking one cup of coffee. ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha

 

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Here are a few snap shots of my daily blood sugar and blood ketone range at 7, 14, 21 and 28 days after completing my fasting experiment.

I have settled into a quite a high level of ketosis and rarely does my ketones drop below 2 mmol/L, even on days where my blood sugar remains in the 90 – 100 mg/dl range.

On the 18th and 25th of february, the rise in blood sugar to 123 and 125 mg/dl, were tests taken immediately after a sprint workout.

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Seen here is a detailed description of my testing on the 25th of February – 4 weeks after ending my fast.

6.35am – my first test, immediately upon rising and not having consumed anything since the previous night. I then went for an easy 30 min walk followed by a cup of coffee with heavy cream and remained quite sedentary for the next few hours, sitting in front of my computer.

At 11am, I had what has become a very typical brunch for me now a days and proceeded to do a second blood test at 12.03pm – approximately 30 to 40 minutes after finishing my meal. As you can see, this meal did not affect blood sugar and only helped to increase my ketone level.

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By 4.34pm I took my third test for the day, after having had a second cup of coffee with heavy cream and otherwise remaining sedentary by sitting down most of the afternoon doing computer work.

I find, without a doubt, that remaining sedentary in combination with having coffee will give me the lowest blood sugar level and highest measure of ketones.

6.22pm was approximately 20 minutes after completing my regular  40 minute mountain hike followed by a brief hill sprint session. ha As always, the intensity of hill sprinting – increased my blood sugar and dropped my ketones.

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11.03pm, just before going to bed and about 2 hours after having eaten dinner, my blood sugar had returned to normal and ketones were once again rising.

At the time of writing this post, my daily low level of ketones, seems to be on the rise once again.

As mentioned previously, rarely will I drop below 2 mmol/L at any given time. However, according to my ongoing and most recent testing, this number is now starting to stay above 3 mmol/L most of the time.

This essentially means, that I am maintaining Starvation Ketosis in a fully fed state and therefore very effectively metabolizing the high amount of fat I consume on a daily basis into energy.

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Exercise, maybe not so good for weight loss?

I have found exercise and more so intense physical activity, to be a major factor which lowers ketones and raises blood sugar.

Currently, I am experimenting with how to maintain a high state of ketosis while simultaneously increasing my exercise volume and intensity.

Exercise in relation to ketosis and weight loss, will be the subject of my next post.

I hope you have found this post informative, interesting and maybe helpful if you have ever been curious about or experimented with ketosis, fasting and a high fat low carbohydrate diet yourself.

Feel free to leave a comment below or ask me any question regarding my experiment and I will do my best to answer it for you.